Can My Dog Eat Garlic or Onion?

Can My Dog Eat Garlic or Onion?

by Scritch

The quick answer: No. Avoid garlic, onions, and chives, as well as any foods that might contain them.

Garlic, onions, and chives are part of the allium family which also contains leeks, shallots, and scallions, all of which are toxic to pets.

Hazards

These vegetables contain N-propyl disulfide, a compound that damages the red blood cells. The damage is irreversible and can cause blood cells to rupture, resulting in anemia. An animal with severe anemia can suffer from organ damage, organ failure, or even death. Consumption of a vegetable in the allium family can also cause gastrointestinal irritation.

Avoid all forms of these vegetables, including garlic powder, onion powder, and any spices that may contain them. Do not feed your pet soups, broths, meats or veggies that have been cooked with onions or garlic. In other words, don’t let your dog lap up the rest of your chicken soup without first checking the ingredients on the label! 

Symptoms can appear within a day or up to several days after consuming one of these off-limits foods. They include:

  • Weakness
  • Lethargy
  • Pale gums
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Increased heart rate
  • Red or brown urine
  • Drooling

Treatment

If your pet has ingested any of the vegetables in question, contact your veterinarian immediately. Treatment may include inducing vomiting to remove undigested food in the stomach, IV fluids to flush out the bloodstream, and activated charcoal to prevent further absorption of any ingested garlic or onion. Serious cases may require oxygen therapy and a blood transfusion. Seeking immediate veterinary care is your best bet for a positive outcome. 

To keep your pet safe, cover or secure your trash can and always check the ingredient list on the label before allowing your pet to taste any “people food.”

Scritch is your one-stop destination for all things pet. Store and share your pet notes and records, browse the map of pet-friendly spots, find pets in your area to adopt, find pet care, read product reviews, and much more. Sign up for free to get full access today.