Cavalier King Charles Spaniel | Dog Breed Guide

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an affectionate toy breed and one of the most famous and popular breeds in the world. They are sociable, playful, patient and adaptable. They make wonderful family dogs and love being the center of attention. The true definition of a show dog, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a beautiful, smooth and long coat. They are sweet and caring companions – if you don’t mind a little shedding. 

Weight: 13-18 pounds

Height: 12-13 inches

Life Expectancy: 9-14 years 

Group: Toy group

Temperament: affectionate, fearless, sociable, adaptable 

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel originated in the United Kingdom. They were kept by the Royal Family. John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, kept them for hunting. He found that they could catch up with trotting horses. The breed, however, is predominantly known to be a lap dog. 

The breed is perhaps best known for the character Lady in Lady And The Tramp. They are small with long, silky and smooth hair. They have long ears and a flat nose. The colors range from chestnut and white, black, white, or tan. They can also be black and tan, or red. They have big, expressive and sympathetic eyes. 

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a sweet dog that is great with children and other animals. They don’t need a lot of space and do well in houses and apartments. They are affectionate, loving and enjoy the company of others. They are creatures of comfort and love to cuddle, curl up in laps, and even claim space in a luxurious bed. 

What makes Cavalier King Charles Spaniels so special is that they are truly companion animals. They get lonely very quickly and are not suited for owners who aren’t home often – or who can’t carry them around. In fact, when left to their own devices, they get lonely, anxious, and can also be destructive. They are most happy when they are with you, being snuggled. 

As far as training goes, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are eager to please and will learn basic commands. They are smart, and the time spent training fulfills their need for attention from you. They are usually quiet and polite dogs. Don’t expect much guarding, as they aren’t the most efficient watchdogs. A yappy dog they are not! 


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to shed a lot and are quite high-maintenance. They require regular combing and brushing. Daily brushing is recommended to avoid serious tangles. They also require regular bathing and conditioning to keep the coat looking its best. Particular attention should be paid to the ears. Cleaning them regularly with solution can help keep infection away. 

Energy Level

Cavaliers have a moderate energy level and would enjoy a short walk or playtime with you each day, but they don’t need a big yard and can fare well in apartment living. 

Health Concerns

  • Patellar Luxation
  • Syringomelia
  • Mitral Valve Disease
  • Hip Dysplasia  

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels can suffer from quite a few health problems and can have short lifespans. It is recommended to regularly get your pup checked at the vet. They are particularly prone to ear infections. Pet insurance is recommended.