Positive reinforcement methods of dog training are preferred by most dog training experts and the clicker is a useful tool for this type of training. A clicker is a small, handheld device that makes a distinct clicking sound when pressed. A click is used to communicate with your dog at the exact moment that he has done something right. Trainers use the clicker to tell a dog, “yes, that behavior was good, and you get a reward.”
Clickers are especially helpful during certain behaviors that would otherwise be difficult to mark with a treat. Imagine trying to teach your dog to go to his bed. Using treats as a reward, your dog might briefly crouch in the bed and spring back up to return to you for a treat. But with a clicker, you can click when your dog is fully settled down in the bed and then bring the treat to him.
Some things to know before we get started:
Without any prior exposure to it, the clicker and the sound it makes doesn’t mean anything to your dog. The first step in clicker training is to develop the association between the clicker and rewards.
If the clicker is initially too scary for your dog (after all, it is a loud, jarring sound), you can hold it behind your back or muffle it with a towel until your dog gets used to it.
The timing of the click is very important with clicker training because you’re communicating the exact moment when your dog did something right. For the treat that follows, the timing is not as important.
Now that you’ve got the hang of using the clicker in a training situation and your dog understands the clicker’s meaning, you can start to use it to train new commands. Try teaching your dog “touch” where he taps his nose to your hand, or to give paw/shake.
The clicker is a helpful tool when teaching complex tricks because you can set smaller goals to help your dog work up to the final behavior.
Example: When teaching your dog “roll over,” the smaller goals would be laying down, relaxing to the side, rolling onto his back, and finally the complete roll over. Continue to practice a goal until your dog is consistently successful before moving on to the next goal.
Fixing bad behavior
The clicker can be used to fix bad behavior by clicking for good behavior. Click when your puppy goes potty in the desired area. Click when your dog offers a sit so you can put his leash on.
“Catch” cute behaviors
You can use the clicker to train your dog to do cute behaviors on command, like head tilting, tail chasing, or shaking off. Simply click when your dog does the behavior and then offer a treat. After your dog repeats the behavior a few times in hopes of a reward, you can add a verbal command and continue practicing.
Note: In place of a clicking sound, you can substitute a verbal “yes” or “good” as a marker, so long as you are consistent in the way you say it.
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