Cocker Spaniel | Dog Breed Guide

Cocker Spaniel | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

The Cocker Spaniel is a smart, happy dog who loves playing with children and enjoys a good walk.

Weight – Male 25-30 pounds; Female 20-25 pounds

Height – Male 14.5-15.5 inches; Female 13.5-14.5 inches

Life Expectancy: 10-14 years

Group: Sporting group

Temperament: smart, gentle, happy

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The sweet-faced Cocker Spaniel, the smallest of the sporting dog family, originated in the mid-19th century in England. So-named because of their accuracy with a game bird called the woodcock, the ever-popular Cocker Spaniel became even more well-known in the U.S. because of the 1955 Disney film “Lady and the Tramp.”

The silky coat of the Cocker Spaniel is moderately long and varies in color, from black or liver (reddish brown) with white, blue or liver roan (equal mixture of liver and white), and tricolor. It can be wavy or smooth.

The Cocker Spaniel is good with children and other pets. He enjoys spending time with the family and is eager to please, so he is easy to train.

Early socialization from puppyhood and regular, consistent training are important for the Cocker Spaniel. Both his body and mind can get a good workout via dog sports such as obedience, tracking, agility, and other activities he can enjoy with his owner.

The Cocker Spaniel is not very vocal, but if left alone for long periods he may bark. He may suffer separation anxiety, so he is not the best choice for people who work long hours.


The Cocker Spaniel sheds only occasionally, but his long coat requires regular grooming with a comb to remove excess fur and to prevent snarls and mats from forming. He will need regular bathing with a follow-up blow dry, as well as ear cleaning, nail clipping and teeth brushing.

Energy Level

Bred to be a hunter’s companion, Cocker Spaniels have a moderate energy level and need regular mental and physical exercise. The Cocker Spaniel can get adequate exercise by playing with a ball or another toy. He enjoys spending time with his family, so regular walks are also a good method of exercise.

Health Concerns

  • Patellar luxation
  • Eye problems
  • Ear infection

Health conditions to be aware of among Cocker Spaniels include elbow dysplasia and patellar luxation (like a “trick knee” in humans), and eye diseases such as cataracts and glaucoma. Cocker Spaniels need regular ear care to prevent infections.