Dachshund | Dog Breed Guide

Dachshund | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

Dachshunds are sweet, devoted family dogs that love to play, have a sense of humor and prefer to be raised in multiple-dog homes – especially multiple-Dachshund homes. They get along great in urban areas and don’t need a lot of space, making them perfect for apartment living. Protective and shy around strangers, Dachshunds need a lot of socialization and a patient owner. 

Weight: 16-33 pounds

Height: 8-9 inches

Life Expectancy: 12-16 years 

Group: Hound group

Temperament: clever, stubborn, devoted, lively, playful, brave

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality 

Dachshunds originated in 16th century Germany and were bred to hunt badgers and foxes. They are successful at hunting because their bodies allow them to burrow and flush out their prey. They are very brave and unafraid of a fight; however, they can appear to suffer from a Napoleon complex, often picking a fight with an animal far greater in size. 

Dachshunds have three distinct types: smooth, long hair and wiry hair. The colors range and include black, black and gold, chocolate, cream, red, and blue. They have very long bodies that sit low to the ground, earning their nickname “wiener dog.” The mini Dachshund can be around 11lbs. 

They are naturally protective family dogs. If someone is approaching the home, or there’s something amiss, your little watchdog will let you know. Although loving to their family members, Dachshunds can be shy and suspicious of strangers. 

Dachshunds are naturally curious dogs and like to be in on all the action. They may be small, but their confidence is big – which can lead to some awkward situations at the dog park with larger dogs. They do best with dogs their own size, and love the companionship of another Dachshund. If you get one, you should probably just go ahead and get two. 

It takes a very patient owner to handle the housebreaking of a Dachshund. They are stubborn and are notorious to take a long time to properly house train. They also refuse to go out if it’s too cold or wet. 

Dachshunds are great with children, especially when introduced to them early. However, because of their sensitive spines, it’s imperative that children are taught to be gentle with their fragile bodies, otherwise a Dachshund will nip when uncomfortable. 

If you’re looking for a loving dog who doesn’t need much exercise or space, Dachshunds are a great fit. They’ll burrow under the covers and demand lap time. They are small in size, and big in personality, always ready to guard and watch over their family and home.  


Smooth Dachshunds need very little grooming. They keep themselves clean and need a bath every now and again. 

Wiry Dachshunds need to be regularly brushed to keep clean and prevent matting. 

Long-hair Dachshunds need regular shampoos, conditioning, and brushing. They also need to be blow dried to keep their coat looking majestic. 

All Dachshunds are prone to ear infections, so keeping their ears clean is a must. 

Energy Level

Dachshunds need daily exercise; regular walks usually do the trick. What they really need is mental exercise. They get bored easily, and without regular attention, can find their own ways to have fun, like destroying something of yours. They are quick learners and enjoy learning new tricks – with the incentive of a treat, of course. 

Health Concerns

  • Intervertebral Disc Disease
  • Patella Luxation
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Eye conditions
  • Ear Infections
  • Obesity

Due to their long bodies, Dachshunds are prone to a lot of spine problems, especially intervertebral disc disease. You can help prevent this issue by keeping your dog at a healthy weight to reduce pressure off their back, train them to not jump off furniture and avoid traveling up and down stairs, and support the dog while holding it. Pet insurance is recommended.