Doberman Pinscher | Dog Breed Guide

Doberman Pinscher | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

The Doberman Pinscher is as regal as he looks. He’s a powerful and alert guard dog, but he can also be a sweet and affectionate cuddle buddy. Sensitive and intelligent, Doberman Pinschers are loyal and devoted, but they also pick up on the energy of their pet parent. They do best with calm, assertive and attentive owners who have time to spend exercising these friendly creatures mentally and physically. 

Weight - Male: 88-99 pounds; Female: 71l-77 pounds

Height - Male: 26-28 inches; Female: 24-27 inches

Life Expectancy: 12-14 years

Group: Working group

Temperament: fearless, energetic, loyal, alert, obedient 

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The Doberman Pinscher came about in 1890 and was bred by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a tax collector in Germany. He wanted to create a dog that would protect him during his often-dangerous job. What he created is what we now know as one of the most trusted guardian companion breeds in the world. 

Doberman Pinschers are sleek with a short black-and-tan coat. Their coat color can also come in gray and chocolate. White Dobermans should be avoided as they are inbred and have a multitude of resulting health concerns. The Doberman’s body is medium-sized, lean and muscular. The muzzle is long, and the ears are erect and sometimes cropped.  

These athletic dogs may look intimidating, but looks can be deceiving. The Doberman Pinscher is an intensely loyal and protective family member. They can have a tendency to only bond to one person, so it’s heavily recommended to socialize them with as many people and other animals as soon possible to avoid bad behavior. Luckily, they aim to please and are very obedient. 

They are naturally alert and ever-present watch and guard dogs. They can be reserved with strangers. When introduced to young children early, they can be patient, loving and affectionate. They love to snuggle up and have a tendency to lean into their pet parent for hugs. Dobies are affectionately known as “Velcro dogs.”

Doberman Pinschers are sensitive and emotional and don’t do well spending too much time alone. If there are family members who fight or there’s a lot of tension in a home, this could present a very negative environment for a Doberman. They thrive with calm and assertive owners who are consistent in their training. 

The ideal situation for a Dobie is a home with a backyard and a family that loves spending time playing and cuddling with them. 


Doberman Pinschers have short, sleek hair that is very shiny when healthy. They shed moderately and usually need baths every couple of months. They need minimal brushing. 

Energy Level

This breed is highly energetic and demands at least quick walks numerous times a day. They are great to run with, as well. Apart from physical training, they also need a lot of mental stimulation. They are highly intelligent and obedient and thrive with advanced training. 

Health Concerns

  • Heart Disease
  • Cancer 
  • Wobbler’s Syndrome
  • Cervical Vertebral Instability 

Keep your Dobie happy and healthy by getting regular vet checks to catch any symptoms or concerns early. Get his heart checked regularly. Simple DNA tests can also check them for a genetic blood-clotting disease called von Willebrand Disease. Pet insurance is recommended.