English Bulldog | Dog Breed Guide

English Bulldog | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

English Bulldogs are short dogs, but they come with an overload of sweetness. As a protective dog that’s good with kids, this breed is ideal for many families.

Weight - Female: 50 pounds; Male: 54 pounds

Height - Female: 16 inches; Male: 17 inches

Life Expectancy: 8-12 years

Group: Companion dogs

Temperament: sweet, protective, and sociable

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The English Bulldog that everyone knows today is significantly different than his ancestors. The bulldog breed was developed in England in the 1500s as a descendant from ancient mastiff-type dogs. Back then, “bull-baiting” was a thing, which meant the dog would grab onto the bull’s nose and shake it. Bull baiting had a purpose: people thought it would tenderize the bull’s meat. For several years, this method was used to “thin” the blood of bulls and make the flesh tender after being butchered. This whole practice came with a strong belief, and many areas in England made laws that required bulls to be baited before slaughtering. Fast forward to 1835, thankfully bullbaiting was outlawed in England. Back then, a bulldog wasn’t known to be affectionate or even a companion dog. They lived to fight bears, bulls, and anything else in front of them—it was all they knew how to do.

At that point, the bulldog was re-engineered. Bulldogs with a docile temperament were bred, and those that were hostile weren’t allowed to breed.

The breed’s personality today is much different. They are a very sweet and sociable dog. Although these dogs are lovers and not fighters, they make for great watchdogs. The English bulldog is easygoing and friendly. Temperament comes down to several factors, such as socialization, training and heredity. Puppies who have nice temperaments are playful and curious, and they are willing to approach people and be held. Bulldogs need socialization exposure to different people while they’re young to be the best well-mannered dog they can be.

English Bulldogs have a distinct punched-in nose, undershot jaw, furrowed brow, loose skin on their head, and small ears, with hanging chops on both sides. Because of their big heads and small backside, it’s important to keep these dogs away from the water as they have trouble maneuvering around. Some of them can swim but it’s best to just keep a close eye.

This breed is strong-willed, making it a bit of a challenge to train them. Positive reinforcement and food are two methods that have a high chance of working while training.

English Bulldogs may not bark a lot, but they don’t go through life completely quiet, either. Due to the structure of their face, they grunt, wheeze, snuffle, snort, and snore. It takes some getting used to the noises, but some think it’s better than excessive barking.

Due to their compact size and low energy levels, they may great pets in just about any home, including apartments. This breed is good with kids because of their gentle and sweet disposition. As far as getting along with other pets like dogs and cats, it varies from dog to dog. However, bulldogs can act aggressively towards other dogs of the same sex. Some bulldogs don’t get along with cats.


As a low-maintenance dog, they require only moderate brushing. Their wrinkles should be wiped and dried on a regular basis to get rid of and prevent odor and bacteria. Usually baby wipes work perfectly for this.

Energy Level

The English bulldog is a couch potato because they get tired fast. While they still need exercise, they should only be taken for short walks at a time. They need to avoid excess heat as they are prone to overheating. Puzzle toys are ideal for this breed, especially when you leave the house, so they have something to do.

Health Concerns

  • Breathing Issues
  • Eczema
  • Skin Allergies
  • Breathing Issues
  • Dry Skin
  • Acne
  • Degenerative Spine Disease
  • Arthritis
  • Cherry Eye
  • Joint and Ligament Issues
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Infections in Skin Folds
  • Head Tremors
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Heart Disease

In addition to all of the above health concerns, English Bulldogs also have a high rate of cancer. This breed’s body and head shape poses a risk for several health issues. Keeping current on veterinary appointments is critical. A major tip is to enroll your dog in pet insurance to keep your costs on the lower side.