German Shepherd Dog | Dog Breed Guide

German Shepherd Dog | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

With an abundance of loyalty and confidence, a German shepherd is ideal for any dog lover. A German shepherd would make any family a proud dog owner with their high intelligence and gentle, protective personality.

Weight - Female: 50-70 pounds; Male: 65-90 pounds

Height - Female: 22-24 inches; Male: 24-26 inches

Life Expectancy: 7-10 years

Group: Herding group

Temperament: smart, courageous, and confident

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

In 1889, Captain Max von Stephanitz began standardizing the breed. A dog show in Karlsruhe in western Germany is where this all began. At the show, there was a medium-sized yellow and gray dog that had wolf-like features that caught Captain Max’s eye. This dog was of high intelligence, easy to train and powerful. Max purchased this dog and named him Horand von Grafrath and he became the very first registered German Shepherd dog. This breed is well known for its loyalty, extreme intelligence, and compassion. With a double coat, they have more protection. Their thick undercoat is dense with a straight or slightly wavy top coat. The hair color is usually red and black or tan and black. However, there are rare colors such as blue, all white, and all black. German shepherds bark like most dogs; however, it can be a blessing in disguise. Due to their protective nature, they will alert you when something is wrong by barking. 

With such a caring and protective personality, this breed does well with children. A younger German shepherd is easier to introduce to cats than an older one. The reason for this is because German shepherds are loyal and intelligent dogs that have a strong natural herding and prey instinct. With such traits, it can make it hard to get them used to a cat when they are older. Most German shepherds are good with other dogs. However, some can be quite dominant and aggressive towards other dogs of the same gender.


German shepherds shed all year around. They have two coats: a dense undercoat and a slightly wavy top coat. Their hair color is tan and black or red and black. This breed doesn’t need frequent baths because they naturally have little to no odor.

Energy Level

A German shepherd typically has a high energy level. Because of their high energy and ability to search and herd are the reasons many of them are used for police dogs. A German shepherd is ideal for someone who likes to be active.

Health Concerns

  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Megaesophagus
  • Perianal Fistula
  • Degenerative Myelopathy
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Panosteititis
  • Hemophilia
  • Epilepsy

Between routine exams, preventative care, and treatment, vet bills can add up fast. Pet insurance can help you overcome the financial difficulties so you can keep your dog healthy.