Golden Retriever | Dog Breed Guide

Golden Retriever | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

Boasting lots of devotion and love, a golden retriever makes for the perfect family dog. With such intelligence, it’s a bonus that they are easy to train as well.

Weight - Female: 55-65 pounds; Male: 65-75 pounds

Height - Female: 21.5-22.5 inches; Male: 23-24 inches

Life expectancy: 10-12 years

Group: Sporting group

Temperament: devoted, intelligent, and friendly

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

Golden retrievers descended from dogs bred in Britain during the 1800s. During this time, sportsmen were looking for efficient retrieving dogs for their upland and waterfowl game. A record from the breed’s origin included a journal from 1840-1890 from Dudley Marjoribanks in the Highlands. This man chose the only yellow puppy that was found in a litter of black wavy coated retrievers during 1865. He named the puppy “Nous,” the Greek name for “Wisdom.” Nous was bred to create the Tweed Water Spaniel (now an extinct breed) resulting in four yellow puppies, which has become the foundation of the golden retriever breed.

This breed is known for their gentle temperament. Additionally, they have great eagerness to please their owner, making them easy to train. The breed is of high intelligence so teaching them new tricks is a breeze.

A physical feature of the golden retriever that many people find fascinating and attractive is the feathering on the thighs, legs, underside of the tail, and the neck.

All dogs may bark from time to time, but a golden retriever tends not to bark as much as other breeds. Even though they have the advantage of barking only occasionally, they are a sporting breed, which means they are full of energy, and need plenty of room to run around. 

Golden retrievers are trustworthy dogs so they are great with kids; however, since they are large dogs and get excited, they can accidentally knock over a small child. Typically golden retrievers get along perfectly with cats and many get along fine with other dogs.


Golden retrievers have a fluffy, high-maintenance coat. Their coat is wavy and water-resistant. There are show bred and working bred golden retrievers: working bred are typically of a darker variety, with a bit of a reddish shade in color. Show bred have a lighter pale cream or golden color. Golden retrievers need to be brushed regularly. In addition to brushing on your own, they should be groomed once every 8-10 weeks. Their coats can get tangled if grooming is not kept up regularly.

Energy Level

Golden retrievers are energetic and need space to run around. They are considered a sporting breed so they are only for someone who can keep up with a high-energy dog.

Health Concerns

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Eye Disorders
  • Sub-aortic Stenosis
  • Mast Cell Tumors
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Seizures
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Skin Problems

Golden retrievers face several potential health issues. Routine exams are critical to ensure your dog is healthy and isn’t experiencing any of the health issues above, or anything else. Pet insurance can help with vet bills and leave more money in your pocket.