Persian | Cat Breed Guide

Persian | Cat Breed Guide

by Scritch

The Persian is quiet and docile and may not thrive in homes with loud or hyperactive children. They can get along with certain dogs and cats. The breed is known for suffering from brachycephalic airway syndrome.

Weight: 7-12 pounds 

Life Expectancy: 12-17 years

Temperament: calm, relaxed, gentle

Energy Level:

Ease of Training: 4

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

One of the most popular breeds in the United States, the Persian can be found in homes of every shape and size. From Marilyn Monroe to Florence Nightingale, many people have found themselves living with one of these long-haired cats.

While their true origin remains a mystery, some say an Italian explorer named Pietro della Valle discovered them in Iran (known as Persia at the time) in 1620. Once he returned home to Europe, he set the wheels into motion. Hundreds of years later, Persian cats made their way to the States. In 1906, a Persian was one of the first cats to be registered at the CFA (Cat Fanciers' Association).

Because Persians are quiet, sweet creatures, they do best in homes with a low-key atmosphere. Should a home with rowdy children choose to adopt one, parents should encourage patient, careful interactions. Persians do not get along with aggressive, vocal pets, but laid-back or shy pets should not be an issue.

For safety reasons, Persians should stay indoors. They are unable to tolerate intense noises and prefer sleeping over climbing, jumping, or exploring. Owners generally do not have to worry about messes or mischievous behavior.

Persians have distinctive flat noses, round heads, and thick coats that require regular attention.


Persians require frequent, consistent care to remove tangles, matting, and loose hair. Some owners recommend bathing a Persian every month or so. Persians come in a variety of colors and patterns, including brown, red, silver, and white.

Health Concerns

  • Brachycephalic airway syndrome
  • Under-eye stains

Because of the flat noses of Persians, they can have breathing problems. Brachycephalic airway syndrome involves upper airway complications that cause inflammation and mouth breathing, among other symptoms. Hot, humid weather can make matters worse. Weight loss can help lessen the severity of the condition.

Under-eye stains occur when there is a buildup of moisture under a cat’s eyes. If these stains are not cleaned, the skin around the eyes could become irritated. Bacteria and viruses could also settle into these areas.

Pet insurance can assist with treatment costs and provide peace of mind.