Pomeranian | Dog Breed Guide

Pomeranian | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

The tiny but fluffy Pomeranian – also known as a Pom or Pom Pom – is a sweet, sociable little dog with a big smile who loves hanging out with his owner, does well in small spaces, and will be content to sit on your lap.

Weight: 3-7 pounds

Height: 6-7 inches

Life Expectancy: 12-16 years

Group: Toy group

Temperament: friendly, active, intelligent

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The teddy bear-like Pomeranian originated in Pomerania, the region of northeastern Europe that is now part of Poland and Western Germany. Pomeranians initially weighed as much as 30 pounds but were miniaturized by Queen Victoria, who fell in love with the Pom while on holiday in Italy. Michelangelo, Mozart and Sir Isaac Newton all had Pom Poms.

Alert and intelligent, Pomeranians are popular for their smiling, fox-like appearance, perky ears and plumed tails. Their coats – a soft, thick undercoat and a coarse outer coat – come in a variety of colors, from red to brown to white. 

Poms love to spend time with their people and are easy to please and easy to train. They are good with children and other pets, but because they are so small and fragile, they are not suitable for families with very young children who may accidentally step on them or play too roughly. Poms are protective of their families and will sound the alarm if a stranger approaches the household. The Pomeranian is a little dog who has a big dog disposition. He isn’t aware of his diminutive size and has no fear of challenging larger dogs, so he needs to be protected when out with the big dogs.


Pomeranian pups shed their baby fur at 4-6 months and then get their adult double coat. Adult Poms shed seasonally, but they don’t lose much fur. The Pom’s coat needs regular care year-round to keep it healthy. Without regular brushing, painful mats will form and that can lead to skin yeast infections and other problems. Poms also need regular nail trims, teeth cleaning and bathing to stay in top shape.

Energy Level

The Pomeranian needs regular exercise. He enjoys a good game or a nice morning and evening walk with his people. He is smart, so he is a good candidate for agility training or working as a therapy dog.

Health Concerns

  • Eye problems
  • Patellar luxation
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Collapsing trachea

Health problems common among Pomeranians include eye diseases such as distichiasis (ingrown eyelashes), and entropion (lower eyelid that rolls inward). They are also susceptible to patellar luxation, like a “trick knee” in humans, so they should be discouraged from jumping down from furniture or other heights. They may also suffer from hypothyroidism (low thyroid). Symptoms of collapsing trachea include honking or cough-like sounds. Fortunately, these conditions can be covered by pet health insurance, provided enrollment occurs before symptoms appear.