Pug | Dog Breed Guide

Pug | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

Family-friendly pugs are funny, loving, and loyal. Centuries in human society keeps pugs popular.

Weight – Female: 14 pounds; Male: 18 pounds

Height – Female: 10-13 inches; Male: 10-13 inches

Life Expectancy: 13-15 years

Group: Toy group

Temperament: loyal, clever

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The smushed snout that contributes to the iconic pug’s face was deliberately bred to be wrinkly. Their genesis begins in 2nd century China, and pugs have befriended royalty and commoners ever since. A great choice for families or individuals, pugs are loyal and devoted to their owners and are very friendly to others too.

This dog’s large protruded eyes are emotive and give pugs an expressiveness that even Hollywood can’t ignore. Pugs can make faces and communicate in distinctly human-adapted ways due to their extended time by our side. Moderate barkers, pugs love you so much that they get separation anxiety, so keep their environment comforting when you’re not around for less noise.

So beloved is the pug that many languages have their own name for the breed, like “Carlino” in Spanish or “der Mops” in German. Queen Victoria and Marie Antoinette both were pug owners according to Rover. Over 2000 years of pug history means we are as devoted to this breed as they are to us.

Caesar’s Way notes, “The next time someone asks you to describe a bunch of pugs, remember that the collective noun for a group of them is a grumble. If you’ve ever listened to a bunch of pugs together, you’ll realize why this is an incredibly apt name.” So feel free to grumble at the next pack of pugs you see at the park.

When their training abilities are engaged, pugs make wonderful companions to other animals like cats. Though small, pugs are stocky and stiff, so they should have a low height bed and a raised bowl to help access sleep and food without complaint. Your pug will cuddle with you for hours, so people who are less active will enjoy a non-judgmental couch buddy. This also makes a pug a great urban dog, and their friendliness will suit such places.


Pugs are short haired and usually black or fawn colored. Hair can be soft or coarse, sometimes a mixture of both. Brushing weekly and regular baths keep pugs clean and happy. Their short snouts create rolls in the face that require attention to keep free of bacteria or fungus. Keeping the nails clipped short and paws moisturized will prevent any painful paw problems that can distract your dog.  

Energy Level

Pugs require play but being brachycephalic (short-snouted), too much physical exertion can make oxygen intake harder. Long walks and light outdoor games are perfect for a pug in non-extreme temperatures. 

Health Concerns

  • Brachycephalic
  • Skin fold infection
  • Pica

Pugs have always had a mischievous, child-like quality that sometimes leads them into trouble. Insuring a pug from day one allows owners to feel secure if there are any issues with the respiratory system or non-food eating in their lifetime. Pica affects many dogs with separation anxiety and boredom, so consider crating a pug when you’re not at home to prevent adventurous dining.