Rottweiler | Dog Breed Guide

Rottweiler | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

Weight - Female: 85-115 pounds; Male: 95-130 pounds

Height - Female: 22-25 inches; Male: 24-27 inches

Life Expectancy: 8-10 years

Group: Working group

Temperament: loyal, reserved, and fun-loving

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The Rottweiler breed comes from the Romans who used to drive herds, which fed the army throughout Europe. Roman dogs bred with the local dogs along the way, in a town of Rottweil. The result of this breeding was strong dogs that butchers used to drive cattle to the market. The dogs also served as protection to the butchers to protect against robbers. While the Rottweiler breed almost disappeared once, the Germans saved it and other countries began to also appreciate this breed due to their work ethic and how protective they were. Today, this breed consistently ranks high among the breeds registered by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

Rottweilers can be different individually when it comes to their personality. Their personalities range from fun-loving to serious to reserved. Some dogs of this breed fare best when living with just one person; however, others are affectionate for several family members. A proper Rottweiler is more likely to be alert and calm than nervous and shy. A Rottweiler won’t try to always be in your face like some other breeds, but they tend to follow you around to make sure you stay safe. Thankfully, this dog can occupy himself when left alone so they are ideal for someone who only wants one dog.

Rotties are known for their athletic and muscular bodies and broad heads. They tend to be slightly longer than tall, but they have a level topline. Their nose is wide and black, and their ears and triangular and pendant. A Rottweiler’s eyes are an eye-catching dark brown color with an almond shape. This breed is always black with markings over their eyes, on both sides of their muzzle, beneath the tail, on the cheeks, and legs.

With their quiet and calm personality, they don’t bark often. In fact, some people say that they rarely ever hear their Rottweiler bark, unless there is a reason.

If a Rottweiler is raised with children and is well-bred, they could get along just fine with children. However, they must be taught so they know what behavior is acceptable around children. If you have an adult Rottweiler, it may be best to not have it around your kids unless it was trained properly. Additionally, an adult Rottweiler should be introduced to new animals such as cats and dogs carefully. This breed can get aggressive toward strange dogs, especially when they are the same sex.


Rottweilers shed moderately, which means they shed more than you are likely anticipating. Though they shed quite a bit, they don’t require the overwhelming need to groom. All you need to do is brush your Rottie down with a rubber mitt that has soft bristle brushes weekly, so you can keep the skin and hair healthy. You will only need to bathe your Rottweiler when he gets dirty.

Energy Level

All Rottweilers can be different when it comes to energy level. Some may be highly energetic, while others from the same litter can be mellow and happy just relaxing on the couch.

Health Concerns

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Dystrophy
  • Eyelid Deformities
  • Cataracts
  • Heart Problems
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Addison’s Disease
  • Increased Risk of Cancer

All breeds have the potential to develop health issues; however, the above health concerns are what Rottweiler’s commonly face. It’s a good idea to consider pet insurance for your Rottie to be prepared for testing and potential treatment.