Samoyed | Dog Breed Guide

Samoyed | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

Samoyed dogs are ideal for someone who is looking for a companion as they don’t like to be left alone. These dogs are intelligent and personable, and are famous for their contagious smile.

Weight - Female: 35-50 pounds; Male: 50-65 pounds

Height - Female: 20 inches; Male: 22 inches

Life Expectancy: 10-12 years

Group: Working group

Temperament: intelligent, personable, and friendly

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The Samoyed breed is one of the world’s oldest dog breeds and was originally used to haul sledges, hunt, and herd reindeer. The Samoyede people treated these dogs kindly and allowed them to join family activities at the end of the day. Due to the closeness, it allowed a sense of trust and loyalty, which is instilled in the breed today. The first standard for the Samoyed breed was adopted in 1909 in England.

This breed is a personable and friendly dog. They are intelligent with a bit of independence. They can become nuisance barkers if they are left alone for too long. This breed has a great work ethic for a dog. 

Samoyed dogs are sturdy dogs that are squarely built. They have a fluffy plumed tail that curls to the back and drapes to the side. The breed’s ears are prick with their head being broad. Samoyeds have a dark pigment around their lips, nose, and eyes even with their white coat color. 

The Samoyed isn’t ideal for an apartment or condo living situation. A home with a large and secure fenced yard is more suitable since this breed is a working dog and loves to play. This breed tends to be attached to its family and that includes children as well. As long as a child is properly taught how to treat a dog with respect, the dog is great with kids. Because they love being part of the family, the Samoyed shouldn’t be left alone for long periods of time. This type of dog is even-tempered so it’s usually good with other dogs. Cats on the other hand may only be ideal if the dog was raised with it because this breed is hardwired to chase prey, including cats.

Energy Level

Samoyeds require about 20-40 minutes of activity per day. They would rather be near their owners, so going for walks with this breed would be ideal. Additionally, if you do let them roam, be sure they have a fenced in area as they are known to chase small animals.


This breed has a straight outer coat and a thick, soft undercoat (which some people describe as wool). The Samoyed sheds quite a bit, so maintenance with this dog is a bit more work than some other breeds; however, it’s worth it. Daily brushing is ideal when the dog is shedding, and only once or twice per week when it’s not shedding. Bathing can wait until about once every eight weeks unless the dog gets dirty sooner. It may be worthwhile to hire a groomer for this breed. Brush your Samoyed’s teeth at least twice weekly to maintain good dental hygiene.

Health Concerns

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy
  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Glaucoma
  • Cancer

When considering a Samoyed puppy, do your research to find a reputable breeder who can provide health clearances. Even with clearances and certifications, your dog can face health conditions and injuries, so be sure to get regular vet checks to catch any symptoms early. Pet insurance can help cover the costs of treatments.