Vizsla | Dog Breed Guide

Vizsla | Dog Breed Guide

by Scritch

The Vizsla is an active hunting dog who is dedicated to his family. He doesn’t like to be left alone and needs a lot of physical and mental exercise.

Weight – Male: 55-60 pounds; Female: 45-55 pounds

Height – Male: 21-23 inches; Female: 22-24 inches

Life Expectancy: 12-14 years

Group: Sporting group

Temperament: gentle, active, loving

Energy Level:

Ease of Training:

Grooming Requirements:

History and Personality

The Vizsla is an affectionate and energetic dog that originated in Hungary, where they were used for both hunting and for companionship. Also known as the Hungarian Pointer, the Vizsla was nearly extinct by the end of World War I but managed to rebound. 

The Vizsla’s coat is a shiny rust color and there are no color variations. He has long floppy ears and has a slim, athletic build. This hunting dog requires a lot of exercise and is very devoted to his family. He’s good with children and other pets. 

Vizslas need consistent training that should start in puppyhood. An untrained dog can get into trouble. Luckily, the Vizsla is easily trained and eager to please, and his energy can be channeled into dog sports such as agility, field trials, obedience, dock diving, tracking or scent work. 

The Vizsla is not a noisy dog, but he doesn’t like to be left alone for long periods of time. He won’t be content to be left alone in a small space such as an apartment. Regular time in an off-leash park or in a big back yard are good exercise options, but care must be taken because the Vizsla has a high prey drive so he needs to be contained.

Vizslas love to have a job to do, and they are used as seeing eye dogs, search and rescue dogs and as sniffers for the Transportation Security Administration. 


Vizslas have a short coat with no undercoat, so they don’t need much grooming. They shed seasonally, so an occasional brushing to remove loose fur will suffice. Of course, you’ll want to clip the nails, brush the teeth, and give the occasional bath.

Energy Level

The Vizsla is a high-energy dog who needs a lot of exercise – both physical and mental. He needs at least 30 minutes of lively exercise daily, and he can be a great running or jogging partner. Take care of his need for mental stimulation with a good training program.

Health Concerns

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Eye problems
  • Ear infection

Health conditions to be aware of among Vizslas include hip dysplasia and eye disorders such as melanosis or entropion. Because of their floppy ears, Vizslas are also prone to ear infections so regular ear care is important.